ENDNOTES for  "Coup 2K"  by John Dee

  1. Studs Terkel, "A US Coup D'Etat" (Op-Ed), Chicago Tribune 12/17/2000.

  2. Will Hutton, "Right-wing coup that shames America," The Observer (London) 12/24/2000.

  3. CSIS Scholars bio, CSIS Web site, http://www.csis.org/html/4luttwak.html

  4. Edward Luttwak, Coup d'Etat: A Practical Handbook (Harvard Univ. Press, 1968), pp. 26. All page citations herein are from the 1979 paperback ed.

  5. Ibid., pp. 26-27.

  6. Luttwak, op. cit., p. 58.

  7. Luttwak, op. cit., p. 21.

  8. See, for example, John Dinges & Saul Landau, Assassination on Embassy Row (NY: Pantheon Books, 1980); and Inside the Shadow Government (Washington, DC: Christic Institute, 1988).

  9. See Gary Webb, Dark Alliance (NY: Seven Stories Press, 1998); and Peter Dale Scott & Jonathan Marshall, Cocaine Politics (Berkeley, CA: Univ. of Calif. Press, 1991). See also: CIA Inspector General, Report of Investigation Concerning Allegations of Connections Between CIA and The Contras in Cocaine Trafficking to the United States, Vol. II: The Contra Story (declassified Oct. 1998). The latter is reproduced online by the Federation of Atomic Scientists at http://www.fas.org/irp/cia/product/cocaine2/. (It can also be found on the CIA's web site.)

  10. Bob Callahan, "Agents for Bush," Covert Action Information Bulletin no. 33 (Winter 1990), pp. 5-7. See also, Webster Tarpley & Anton Chaitkin, George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography (Washington, DC: EIR, 1992), chapter 16. Full text available online at www.tarpley.net/bushb.htm

  11. Washington Post, March 1, 1980. Cited in Callahan, "Agents for Bush," op. cit.

  12. "Unauthorized Transfers of Nonpublic Information During the 1980 Presidential Campaign," House of Representatives (US GPO, 1984), pp. 1112-14. Cited in Callahan, "Agents for Bush," op. cit.

  13. The Office of Strategic Services, the WWII-era predecessor to the CIA. For a comprehensive biography of William Casey, see Joseph R. Persico, Casey (NY: Viking/Penguin, 1990).

  14. See, for example, Robert Parry, Trick or Treason (NY: Sheridan Square Press, 1993); Gary Sick, October Surprise (NY: Random House/Times Books, 1991); and Ari Ben-Menashe, Profits of War (NY: Sheridan Square Press, 1992).

  15. Robert Parry, "The Russian Report," The Consortium (www.consortiumnews.com/ archive/ xfile1.html) 12/11/1995; Robert Parry, "Russia's PM Stepashin Fingered Reagan and Bush," iF Magazine July-August, 1999, pp. 11-17. The latter citation reproduces the entire Russian report. Parry confirmed with Russian government sources that the report was the product of original intelligence, not simply a summary of press accounts.

  16. William Neikirk, "Bush to be exempt from House's hostage probe," Chicago Tribune 8/8/1991.

  17. For an excellent overview of the Bush family legacy, see Jack Colhoun, "The Family That Preys Together," Covert Action Information Bulletin no. 41 (Summer 1992), pp. 50-59. The following is largely condensed from that article, although original sources are cited in the interest of reader access.

  18. Julia Preston & Joe Pichirallo, "Bay of Pigs Survivors Find Common Cause With Contras," Washington Post 10/26/1986.

  19. Castejon affair: Jim McGee & James Savage, "Bush Sent Doctor to North Network," Miami Herald, 3/16/1987. GHW Bush covert op authority: National Security Decision Directive no. 159, "Management of US Covert Operations," Jan. 18, 1985, originally classified "Top Secret/Veil," reproduced in Covert Action Quarterly no. 58 (Fall 1998).

  20. Sydney P. Freedberg, "Miami Mystery," Wall Street Journal 8/9/1988. See also: John Dee, "Flying Mongoose," Lumpen 4.11 (April, 1996), p. 22

  21. Jefferson Morley, "See No Evil," Spin Magazine, March 1991.

  22. John Dinges & Saul Landau, Assassination on Embassy Row (NY: Pantheon Books, 1980); Taylor Branch & Eugene Propper, Labyrinth (NY: Penguin Books, 1983); and Warren Hinckle & William Turner, Deadly Secrets (NY: Thunder's Mouth Press, 1992).

  23. Glenn Garvin, "Panama: Exile says aim was Castro hit," Miami Herald 1/13/2001.

  24. Luttwak, op. cit., p. 147

  25. For example, David Kidwell et al., "Hundreds of felons cast votes illegally," Miami Herald 12/1/2000.

  26. Lists: "Hundreds of voters mistakenly tagged as felons in mix-up," St. Petersburg Times (FL) 6/23/2000; "Error may have taken voters off rolls," St. Petersburg Times 7/1072000. DBT acquisition: Securities & Exchange Commission standard Form 8-K, filed May 19, 2000 by ChoicePoint, Inc. Accessed via www.sec.gov.

  27. Gregory Palast, "Florida's flawed 'voter-cleansing' program," Salon.com 12/ 4/2000.

  28. Ibid. Re: donations to Lazio campaign, see John Riley & Stephanie Saul, "Mystery Group Pitches In for Lazio LIers who backed mayor offer financing," Newsday (New York), 10/29/2000.

  29. FEC data accessed via www.fec.gov. FEC info about the most recent donations was accessed via www.opensecrets.org, which is operated by the Center for Responsive Politics. Mr. Langone also sits on the board of Home Depot Inc., which as a company gave over $320,012 to the Bush campaign.

  30. FEC data at www.fec.gov.

  31. Palast, op. cit.

  32. "Rights groups to sue state leaders," Miami Herald 1/10/2001.

  33. Evan Shapiro, Feed Daily (column), Feed Magazine www.feedmag.com 11/8/2000.

  34. Ibid.

  35. For truly encyclopedic coverage of the Seminole case, complete with fully archived press stories and court documents, see www.campaignwatch.org.

  36. Trial transcripts and depositions, posted at www.campaignwatch.org.

  37. Scott Gold, "A County's Back-Room Goings-On Bring Suit," Los Angeles Times 11/28/2000.

  38. Sources for this section: Nicholas Kulish & Jim Vandehei, "GOP Protest in Miami-Dade Is a Well-Organized Effort," Wall Street Journal 11/27/2000; Dexter Filkins & Dana Canedy, "Protest Influenced Miami-Dade's Decision to Stop Recount," New York Times 11/24/2000; Steve Osunami & Bill Redecker, "Vocal Support," ABCNews.com 11/26/2000; Dana Milbank, "Fla. Recount Prompts an Outpouring of GOP Activism," Washington Post 11/27/2000; Paul Gigot, "Miami Heat: A burgher rebellion in Dade County," Wall Street Journal 11/24/2000; and Al Kamen, "Texans Eye Replanting Lawn," Washington Post 12/6/2000.

  39. Kulish & Vandehei, Wall Street Journal 11/27/2000, op. cit.

  40. Ibid.

  41. Ibid.

  42. By coincidence, this happens to be the anniversary of the assassination of President Kennedy in 1963.

  43. Paul Gigot, Wall Street Journal 11/24/2000, op. cit..

  44. Footage of the assault on Geller was widely televised. See also Filkins & Canedy, New York Times 11/24/2000, op. cit..

  45. Osunami & Redecker, ABCNews.com 11/26/2000, op. cit..

  46. I wouldn't dare make this up. See Kulish & Vandehei, Wall Street Journal, 11/27/2000, op. cit.. "Danke Schoen" written by Kurt Schwabach, Milt Gabler and Bert Kaempfert © 1962.

  47. Ibid.

  48. Dr. Donald H. Wilber, "Overthrow of Premier Mossadeg of Iran November 1952-August 1953," CIA Clandestine Service Historical Paper No. 208, March 1954. Declassified in 2000. See www.cryptome.org/cia-iran-all.htm

  49. John Dinges & Saul Landau, Assassination on Embassy Row (NY: Pantheon Books, 1980), pp. 104-5. See also: US Senate Staff Report, "Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973" (Washington, DC: US GPO report no. 63-372, Dec. 18, 1975).

  50. William Blum, Killing Hope (Monroe, ME: Common Courage Press, 1995) pp. 314-320.

  51. Ibid.

  52. Luttwak, op. cit., p. 168

  53. Luttwak, op. cit., p. 168

  54. Luttwak, op. cit., p. 168

  55. Gigot, Wall Street Journal 11/24/2000, op. cit..

  56. L. Jean Lewis, "Whitewater whistleblower sounds off on vote," WorldNetDaily.com 11/14/2000.

  57. Ann Coulter, "Elections in Clintonville," Universal Press Syndicate (Uexpress.com) 11/10/2000.

  58. David Greenberg, "Was Nixon Robbed?" Slate.com 10/16/2000. Also, David Greenberg, "Gracious Loser? Hardly." Brill's Content Feb. 2001, pp. 106-9, 154-7.

  59. Greenberg, Brill's Content, p. 155.

  60. Staff Report, "Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973", op. cit.

  61. Operation CHAOS was a massive domestic surveillance and counterintelligence program started by the CIA in 1967 in response to exposés published in Ramparts magazine. Peace groups, civil rights activists, journalists and other "threats" were targeted. Later it became a joint operation with the FBI. In the days before PCs, a mainframe computer code-named HYDRA was devoted to processing the data. By the time it was finally shut down in the mid-'70s, CHAOS had collected personality files on 13,000 people, general files on 7,000 more Americans, and subject files on 1,000 domestic organizations. Despite being entirely illegal, it was one of the largest domestic surveillance operations in US history. See Morton H. Halperin, et al, The Lawless State (NY: Penguin Books, 1976), chapter 5; Frank J. Donner, Age of Surveillance (NY: Vintage Books, 1981 ed.), pp. 268-275; and US Senate, Final Report of the Select Committeee To Study Governmental Operations with respect to Intelligence Activities, Book III, Supplementary Detailed Staff Reports..., (Washington, DC: US GPO, 1976), pp. 679-732.

  62. William F. Pepper, Orders to Kill: The Truth Behind the Murder of Martin Luther King, Jr. (NY: Warner Books, 1998 ed.), pp. 4-10. Pepper was a close friend of Dr. King's, and a direct participant in the formation of the NCNP and the doomed King-Spock presidential bid. Curiously, one of the people who had urged King to run was Yale chaplain William Sloane Coffin, an anti-war activist who was a covert CIA operative during the 1950s. See Peter Grose, Operation Rollback (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2000).

  63. Confidential Memorandum to John Mitchell and HR Haldeman, April 10, 1972, reproduced in full at ParaScope.com. See also: George Lardner, "Buchanan Outlined Plan to Harass Democrats in '72, Memo Shows," Washington Post 3/4/1996, p. A7.

  64. Howard Fineman, "Disorder in the Courts," Newsweek 12/18/2000.

  65. Ultimately the Supreme Court overruled him, but the end result was Nixon kept custody of the tapes until his death — erasing who knows what else.

  66. See Jonathan Vankin, Conspiracies, Cover-Ups and Crimes (NY: Dell Publishing, 1992), pp. 22-38. For their own exhaustive account, see James M. Collier & Kenneth F. Collier, Votescam: The Stealing of America (NY: Victoria House Press, 1992).

  67. Collier & Collier, Votescam, p. 259-60

  68. It must be noted that whatever the merits of the Colliers' Votescam theories (and there are some), the fact remains that they are the very epitome of "conspiracy nuts." Further hampering their credibility is the fact that they have penned a large number of Votescam stories for The Spotlight, the notoriously crypto-wacko newspaper of the "populist" Liberty Lobby.

  69. Associated Press, "Ex-White House Counsel Suggests Justice Scalia Recuse Himself," St. Louis Post-Dispatch 12/11/2000.

  70. US Code Title 28: Judiciary and Judicial Procedure, Section 455: Disqualification of justice, judge, or magistrate. Full text online at http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/28/455.html

  71. "Ex-White House Counsel Suggests...," St. Louis Post-Dispatch 12/11/2000, op. cit.

  72. Christopher Marquis, "Challenging a Justice," New York Times 12/12/2000.

  73. "The Heritage Foundation's Board of Trustees," www.heritage.org/departments/trustees.html

  74. The Propaganda Due (P2) Lodge was an Italian Masonic Lodge comprised of fascists, spies, judges, and other powerful right-wing figures. P2, which enjoyed close ties to the CIA, was involved in a major financial scandal with the Vatican Bank and sought to stage a fascist coup. Some say it was partly responsible for the assassination of Pope John Paul I. See: Penny Lernoux, In Banks We Trust (Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1984); David Yallop, In God's Name (NY: Bantam Books, 1984); and George Russell, "A Grand Master's Conspiracy," Time, 6/8/1984.

  75. Marquis, New York Times 12/12/2000, op. cit.

  76. See www.heritage.org/features/secretaries-designate/

  77. Marquis, New York Times 12/12/2000, op. cit.

  78. Adam Cohen, "Can the Court Recover?," Time.com 12/17/2000.

  79. "Sunshine Law was election's biggest winner," Miami Herald 12/17/2000.

  80. "20 states are missing at first Electoral College roll call," St. Petersburg Times 12/14/2000.

  81. "Congressional Black Caucus walks out as Congress counts electoral votes," CNN.com 1/6/2001.

  82. "Congress confirms Bush electoral victory," CNN.com 1/2/2001.

  83. Bob Edwards interview with Jimmy Carter, "Morning Edition" (National Public Radio), Jan. 9, 2001. Quoted in Mark Silva, "Carter: Fla. voting too flawed," Miami Herald, 1/10/2001. An audio recording of the entire interview is archived by NPR at http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/cmnpd01fm.cfm?PrgDate=1%2F9%2F2001&PrgID=3

  84. Hunter S. Thompson, "Prepare for the Weirdness," ESPN.com 11/20/2000. http://espn.go.com/page2/s/thompson/001120.html